What are the potential consequences of a traumatic brain injury?

Those who sustain trauma to their head may experience a wide range of effects that harm their sensations, emotions and cognitive abilities.

Every year, brain injuries contribute to a large number of deaths and cases of disability in Illinois and throughout the country. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, traumatic brain injuries result in 52,000 deaths and 275,000 hospitalizations annually. Those who survive the effects of a TBI may experience serious consequences after the initial trauma occurs and long-term.

The four categories of consequences

The consequences of a TBI can be divided into four separate categories, which according to the CDC, can affect brain injury victims':

  • Emotions - those who sustain a TBI may experience depression, anxiety, personality changes and social inappropriateness. They may also act out in unusual ways.
  • Sensations - brain injury victims who are seriously injured may find that the way they touch, taste and smell things is different than before the accident.
  • Language - those dealing with the effects of a TBI may have problems understanding other people, expressing their emotions and communicating in general.
  • Cognitive abilities - after incurring trauma to their head, TBI victims may have a difficult time remembering things and may also have a hard time concentrating.

According to the Brain Injury Association of America, the effects brain injury victims experience after an accident are highly variable and often depend on the location, cause and severity of the trauma. For example, one TBI victim may experience issues with his or her ability to remember things for a few weeks after the initial trauma occurs. Comparatively, another TBI victim may have a difficult time adequately expressing his or her emotions and may deal with the effects of anxiety for the rest of his or her life.

Recovering from a TBI

After accident victims sustain trauma to their head, the CDC states that there are several steps they can take to aid in the recovery process. For example, TBI victims should get plenty of rest in the days following the accident and refrain from rushing back to school and work-related activities. Additionally, those recovering from a brain injury should avoid doing anything that could result in another TBI, write tasks down that are difficult to remember and ask their medical provider when it is safe to operate a vehicle again.

Those in Illinois who incur a TBI in an accident may require extensive medical and rehabilitative care that results in unmanageable healthcare expenses. If you recently sustained a TBI because of another person's negligence, speak with an attorney to determine what compensation may be available to you.

Keywords: TBI, brain, injury, accident